Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Pendapatan Rumah tangga Miskin di Sekitar Taman Nasional Bukit Dua Belas (Studi Kasus Desa-Desa Penyangga TNBD di Kecamatan Maro Sebo Ulu, Kabupaten Batang Hari)

Rudi Syaf, M. Syurya Hidayat, Erni Achmad

Abstract. Poverty and forestry has inter-connected one another. Most of the poor people live in the urban area are closely interacted with forest. This fact has been showed in some studies which are clearly stated that poor people are mostly found nearby forest area. Bukit Dua Belas national park as one of national park in Jambi province had experienced drastical forest degradation for the last 20 years. Based on the data alalysis from Citra Satelite, the total of degraded forest area is approximately 69,825 ha or in average is 3,492 ha per year. It happens because of massive encroachment which is done by the local people in a purpose to open communities’ farming. The primary objective of this research is to analyze which factors has contributed to communities’ impovorishment around TNBD. The result of this study shows that the distance of farming, size of land,  the management and the status of land are the potential factor affecting the communities’ income significantly.

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol. 1 No. 2, Oktober 2013

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